Differences in skin colour, language, culture, beliefs and traditions beautify our world. Ethnic diversity, cultural and ideological differences in human society not only protect us from monotony, but also contribute to the beauty of the world around us. The same is true of the different seasons, each with its own beauty and charm. Nature has taught man many lessons over the years. But in addition to the various challenges it has presented people with, it has brought people closer together. Nature has taught people the secret of coexistence, to give each other peace and security, because human extinction was imminent.religions and traditions of the countries are only a signpost on the path of life.we could use them in the end for a united society in which we live together peacefully.
The design of this cultural calendar makes us familiar with the cultures and rituals of others. It shows the solidarity and maturity of human society. The language of the image always addresses all the dimensions of our world with which it is easy to communicate. It conveys the message it contains with all its existence.
New Year in January
Most countries in the world follow the Gregorian calendar. According to this international calendar, people in Europe, the United States, Australia and parts of Asia and Africa celebrate New Year’s Eve every year on December 31st at midnight. New Year’s Eve is usually celebrated with fireworks and/or festive gatherings.
Almost every country in the world uses the Gregorian calendar, which was created by Pope Gregory in 1582. It was gradually adopted by various countries around the world. For example, Italy used the calendar in 1582, England in 1752 and Russia in 1918.
But the origins of the first of January as the first day of the new year go back to distant times before Christ. In 46 BC, Julius Caesar ordered that the first of January be chosen as the first day of the New Year to get rid of the complexity of the Roman calendar. The reason for this was the eponym Janus – the god of the beginning and the end.
Chinese New Year in February
Chinese New Year is one of the most important traditional Chinese holidays, it takes place on a new moon between January 21 and February 21. The days, months and years in the Chinese calendar are determined by the movement of the sun, moon and stars.
So the new year begins with the appearance of the moon on the first day of the year, which is why it is sometimes called the Moon New Year. The New Year celebration usually lasts 15 days and ends with a lantern festival. In most countries where the Chinese form the majority or are an influential minority, the Chinese New Year is celebrated. These countries include (besides China) Hong Kong, Taiwan, Brunei, North and South Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Vietnam, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand.
Persian New Year in March
Nowruz, the first day of the Iranian solar year on the first day of Farvardin, is the celebration of the beginning of the Iranian New Year and is one of the oldest celebrations left from ancient Iran. Nowruz is celebrated at the beginning of spring, which is now called the vernal equinox. Through special customs and beliefs it became an Iranian cultural asset.it is considered a symbol of the connection between the Iranian people, the tribes and the Iranian nation.Iranians consider Nowruz as the beginning of the resurrection of nature, sometimes as the beginning of the growth and birth of gardens and orchards. They believe that at Nowruz, at the same time as nature, they should begin a new era with a new mentality and attitude in a new garment.
Nowruz is the beginning of the new year in Iran and Afghanistan. In some other countries people celebrate Nowruz as an unofficial holiday, including Tajikistan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Syria, Iraq, Georgia, Republic of Azerbaijan, Albania, China, Turkey, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan. Nowruz, officially the International Day of Nowruz, has been inscribed by UNESCO on the World Heritage List. This day is also one of the holy days and religious holidays of Zoroastrians and Baha’is.
Easter in April
Easter (French: pâques) is a holiday on a Sunday in March or April. Christians believe that Jesus Christ rose from the dead on this day and was resurrected after he was crucified. This event is called the resurrection of Christ.
Easter is the holy week when Jesus entered Jerusalem, was captured by Roman soldiers and crucified on the hill of Golgotha in Jerusalem after enduring privations. Unlike other feasts and ceremonies, the time of this holiday is not fixed and alternates each year between 22 March (2 April) and 25 April (5 May). Easter Sunday is calculated after the first full moon, which is after the vernal equinox.
Africa Day in May
Africa Day is celebrated annually on 25 May. The African Union (OAU) was founded on 25 May 1963. On that day, leaders from 30 of the 32 independent countries on the African continent signed a charter founding the Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. For this reason, this day is called Africa Day, which is celebrated as an African celebration to preserve the unity and integrity of the continent.
Immigrants’ Day in June
June 20, World Refugee Day, is a day on which the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reminds the world of the plight of millions of refugees who were forced to flee their homes.
Worldwide, the war has left many people homeless. At present, millions of people are displaced from their homes as a result of war and violence. At the same time, many long-running conflicts remain unresolved, which means that fewer people can return to their homes.